Monday, March 21, 2011
Cianchetta, Alessandra & Molteni, Enrico (2004), Alvaro Siza: Private Houses 1954-2004, Skira, Milano, Italy
Moneo, Rafael (2004), Theoretical Anxiety and Design Strategies: in the work of eight contemporary architects,ACTAR, Barcelona, Spain pp. 200-208 pp. 228-231
Peter Testa, Tradition and Actuality in the Antonio Carlos Siza House
Nakamura, Toshio (1989), Alvaro Siza 1954-1988, A+U, Tokyo, Japan
The lot can only be accessed from one side, both for vehicles and pedestrians, the entry path guides you past the dominant bay window on your right and leads you to a set of stairs that forces you to turn left and then right twice before entering the building making you slow down before entering. The form of Siza house is U-shaped circulating around the internal courtyard these is where the main circulation area are around the courtyard connecting the public, private and back garden.
Siza House can be seen as a dual structure system based on the combination of existing precedents. The walls are formed by the alignment of the two streets in turn the axes of the house can be determined. The existing site slopes from back to front Siza uses an elevated internal Floor Slab to accommodate these conditions - Topological Relations and the Geometrization of axes.
Columns, Masonry and Concrete Slab make up the physical construction of the building typical with most residential buildings.
The Front and East facade of the House is set back from the road to give a more protected private feeling and are parallel with the lot rather than forming determined angle, the lot itself is dictated by the alignment of the two streets which meet at the corner at a sharp angle, which in turn defines the two cross axis used in the House.A merging from interior to exterior is formed by using a Cross Walls which is aligned with one of the streets slicing through the private and public wing of the house, at the full height of the flat roof, to connect with the boundary which wraps around behind the back lot and back along the East facade enclosing the back garden (emphasising the private function) the wall helps establish contact between the building, the landscape and surrounding urban fabric.
Major parts –Public and the Private Wings,
The connection between Public and the Private Wings is established by using “cross view” these are achieved by strategically inserting window in an alignment allowing the viewer to look through building giving them a glimpse of rooms not generally associated with each other, for example a Kitchen and a Bedroom. The use of the open plan which is associated with the Roman Baroque and the work of Le Corbusier by the use of columns (The Villa Savoye) helps the viewer see on entry from one end of the house to the other. The placement of the windows as you enter gives a transparent feeling to the house , connecting you immediately to the main living area and offering views to the back of the public wing and a section of the private it also allows a lot of natural light in the entry area which helps welcome you in.
Major parts-Landscape and External Courtyard
The external courtyard is a geometrical replica, on a smaller scale; of the generous back garden this space defines the separation between the Public and Private Wings. Because of the irregular shape of the courtyard the view offered to the back garden/landscaping restricts your view using a narrow opening and high surrounding walls.